mighty Macedonian, Alexander the Great, came to Egypt after
conquering Greece and selected, Alexandria, a small fishing
village on the Mediterranean coast to establish his new capital,
in 323BC by the Greek architect Dinocrates, it was to be the
last capital of Ancient Egypt. Nowadays Alexandria is the
second largest city and the main port of Egypt.
of the main attractions of Alexandria include the Graeco-Roman
Museum, the Roman Amphitheatre, Pompei's Pillar, the Catacombs
of Kom ash-Shuqqafa, and glorious beaches which stretch for
40 km from Abu Kbir in the east, to Sidi Abdul Rahman, in
A waterfront city, Alex (as it is popularly known) runs along
the Mediterranean Sea for 20km but never goes far inland;
a walk along the magnificent Corniche sweeps round the curve
of the Eastern Harbour and takes you right through the city
centre. Alexandria is a year-round beach resort, and one of
the most notable summer resorts in the Middle East. In summer
sun lovers seek out the cooling sea breezes; in winter the
sun shines along the white sandy coast while yachts race in
you come for the past or the present, for history or just
a holiday, when you visit Alexandria you'll see more than
one city. Alexandria
was the renowned capital of the Ptolemis, with numerous and
diverse monuments. It was the scene of the most thrilling
drama involving Cleopatra, Julius Ceasar, Marc Anthony and
lies north-west of the nile Delta and adjoins Lake Mariut.
It is linked to Cairo by the Delta Road (231 km) and the Desert
Road (225 km).
best way of seeing Alexandria is to wander aimlessly."
Alex is a city to explore at random, it's as important to
enjoy the atmosphere as it is to see the "sights". The city
centre stretches back from Midan Saad Zaghloul, on the sea
front. This was formerly the site of the Caesareum, a magnificent
temple begun by Cleopatra for her lover Anthony and subsequently
completed by their enemy Octavian and dedicated to himself.
Two famous obelisks (one, known as "Cleopatrea's Needle",
now on the Embarkment in London, the other in New York's Central
Park) were once found here. All traces of the temple have