of the old churches are found at Qasr Al-Sham (Castle of the
Beacon) on the ruins of the Roman Fortress of Babylon in Old
Al-Mu'allaqah (The Hanging Church)
of Abu Sargah (Church of St Serguis)
to Serguis and Bacchus, the two martyrs who died at the beginning
of the 4th century, this basilica church was built in the
early 5th century over the cave where the Holy Family stayed.
The nave is flanked by two aisles. In the East sanctuary there
are three altars and the South wall shows priceless icons.
The cave and its well attract many visitors.
Allaqah (The Hanging Church of the Virgin)
in the 5th century, this basilica was so called because it
rests on top of the Southern Gate of the Fortress of Babylon.
Inside there is an open court, bordered by two wings and a
corridor seperated by marble pillars. It has three haykals
(altars) on the East and a marble pulpit with a beautiful
terrace. A number of magnificent icons may be found on the
of Al Adra (Church of the Virgin)
basilica, built in the 8th century, it has three haykals (altars),
wooden aisles inlaid with ivory and a number of rare icons.
of St. Barbara (Sitt Barbarah)
in the 5th century to commemorate the memory of a Christian
martyr, it lies in the East
of the Fortress. It is of basilica design, with finely decorated
aisles. Rebuilt in the 10th century it has retained its wooden
door which constitutes an example of fine art.
of Marie Girgis (Church of St George)
church stands on the ruins of an ancient church. It is of
basilica design, with three domes and a hall known as the
Hall of nuptials dating to the 13th century.
Orthodox Church of Marie Girgis
on one of the towers of the Fortress, it is round in structure
with a domed roof.
Greek Orthodox Church of Mari Girgis
of St Menas
at Fumm Al-Khalig (mouth of the canal) near Old Cairo, the
church was built in the 6th century and named after St Menas,
one of the most benevolent Saints of the Coptic Church.
of the Virgin in Zaytoun
is to some extent newly built and is visited by thousands
who seek the Virgin's blessings especially after the Apparition
of the Virgin above one of its domes.
Cathedral of St Mark
built in the district of Abbassia, it is the largest cathedral
in Africa and is considered a unique example of architectural
evolution. The remains of St Mark, the Evangelist, were transferred
to the Cathedral since he was the first to preach Christianity